Addiction | Alcohol, Drug, Gambling, Eating | Sex

Certified Addiction Specialist

Peter has been certified by The American Academy of Health Care Providers in the Addictive Disorders is a Certified Addiction Specialist (CAS). This specialized credential is a clinical certification based upon experience providing treatment under the direction of a qualified clinical supervisor, specialized training, and a written examination.

Specialization resides within five categories of treatment activity:

Turco Pyschotherapy

  • Alcohol
  • Drug
  • Gambling
  • Eating Disorders
  • Sex








According to the American Society of Addiction Medicine, the working definition of addiction is a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory, and related circuitry.

Dysfunction in these circuits leads to characteristic biological, psychological, social, and spiritual manifestations. This is reflected in an individual pathologically pursuing reward and relief by substance use and other behaviors.

Addiction is characterized by an inability to consistently abstain, impairment in behavioral control, craving, diminished recognition of significant problems with one’s behaviors and interpersonal relationships, and a dysfunctional emotional response.

Like other chronic diseases, addiction often involves cycles of relapse and remission. Without treatment or engagement in recovery activities, dependency is progressive and can result in disability or premature death.

There are five significant categories:

We have entered an age where other habits are becoming more and more distinct. Internet use, gaming, debt, and shopping obsession have all manifested in increased numbers over recent years.

The ability to engage in such behavior is often as close as our smartphones, which easily permit access to pornography, shopping, and gambling sites.

An addict can destroy their own lives and the lives of their families. Financial distress or impoverishment can usually accompany all of the above psychological disorders.

The other universal characteristic of addiction is feeling very alone with it, often seeing no way out while 12-step programs provide a person with a sense of support, understanding, and community.

Psychotherapy can help put the patient’s issues into perspective and help to establish a very workable plan. Psychotherapy can also help with the emotional roller coaster that often comes with trying to achieve sobriety.

And while therapy cannot cure these disorders, it can address the accompanying symptoms, such as depression and anxiety, that acted as triggers for the habit in the past and would be present in its absence.